What are Microdermal Implants?
A microdermal or surface anchor has evolved from the techniques used in pocketing, dermal anchoring and transdermal implants. The simplest way to describe the jewellery is that of a miniaturised transdermal implant, i.e. a flat plate which sits beneath the skin with a single exit for a barbell post giving the visual effect of jewellery (a bead, spike, etc.) that appears to be screwed right into the body.
A general microdermal jewellery design.
There are a number of similar microdermal jewellery designs currently being made by several manufacturers but they all share some basic design elements. Following the ideas proposed by transdermal implants, the portion of the jewellery which sits beneath the skin has a number of holes to allow tissue to grow through, anchoring the jewellery in place. It is possible that in order to minimise some long term risks this type of jewellery be made of titanium rather than any type of steel. Needless to say making this specialised jewellery requires advanced machining facilities or titanium casting access.
Typical microdermal insertion - 1. Entry/exit point is made using a needle or dermal punch; 2. Microdermal jewellery is inserted in to this hole and used to elevate a pocket as needed; 3. Jewellery is coerced in to a correct placement.
Another advantage of the microdermal techniques is that they are generally no more painful than a regular surface piercing and therefore do not usually require the use of anaesthetics.
Healing and Aftercare
Although relatively new, a significant number of microdermals (of various designs) have been successfully inserted and healed. With some estimates of the rejection rate as low as 2%. The aftercare advised differs from artist to artist but all include keeping the area clean, dry, and free of irritants. Healing time is 1 - 3 months.